NOUN CLAUSE

Pengertian Noun Clause

 Nouns clause adalah klausa yang berfungsi sebagai nomina. Atau dengan kata lain noun clause juga digunakan atau memiliki fungsi yang sama sebagai noun (kata benda). Karena fungsinya sebagai nomina, maka noun clause dapat berfungsi sebagai: subject kalimat (subject of a sentence), object verba transitif (object of a transitive verb), object preposisi (object of a preposition), pelengkap (complement), dan pemberi keterangan tambahan (noun in apposition). Untuk lebih jelasnya, silahkan perhatikan contoh-contoh di bawah ini.

 

Fungsi dan Contoh Noun Clause

 

1.    Noun clause sebagai subject kalimat (subject of a sentence)

 Contoh kalimat:

 

What you said doesn’t convince me at all.

(Apa yang kamu katakan tidak meyakinkan aku sama sekali)

 

How he becomes so rich makes people curious.

(Bagaimana dia menjadi begitu kaya membuat orang-orang menjadi penasaran)

 

What the salesman has said is untrue.

(Apa yang sudah dikatakan oleh pedagang itu tidak benar)

 

That the world is round is a fact.

(Bahwa bumi itu bulat adalah suatu kenyataan)

 

2.    Noun clause sebagai object verba transitif (object of a transitive verb)

 Contoh kalimat:

 

I know what you mean.

(Saya tahu apa yang kamu maksud)

 

I don’t understand what he is talking about.

(Saya tidak mengerti apa yang sedang dia bicarakan)

 

Please tell me what happened.

(Tolong katakana pada saya apa yang terjadi)

 

He said that his son would study in Australia.

(Dia mengatakan bahwa puteranya akan belajar di Australi)

 

Verb (kata kerja) yang dapat diikuti oleh noun clause, dalam hal ini diikuti frase “that-clause” antara lain:

 

Admit: mengakui

Realize: menyadari

Announce: mengumumkan

Recommend: menganjurkan

Believe: percaya

Remember: mengingat

Deny: menyangkal

Reveal: menyatakan, mengungkapkan.

Expect: mengharapkan

Say: mengatakan

See: melihat

Forget: lupa

Stipulate: menetapkan

Hear: mendengar

Suggest: menganjurkan

Inform: memberitahukan

Suppose: mengira

Know: mengetahui, tahu

Think: berpikiri, berpendapat.

Promise: berjanji

Understand: mengerti, memahami

Propose: mengusulkan

Wish: berharap

 

3.    Noun clause sebagai object preposisi (object of a preposition)

 Contoh kalimat:

 

Please listen to what your teacher is saying.

(Tolong dengarkan apa yang sedang di bicarakan gurumu)

 

Be careful of what you’re doing.

(Hati-hati dengan apa yang sedang kamu lakukan)

 

4.    Noun clause sebagai pelengkap (complement)

 Contoh kalimat:

 

The good news is that the culprit has been put into the jail.

(Kabar baiknya adalah pelaku kejahatannya sudah dimasukkan ke penjara)

 

This is what I want.

(Ini adalah apa yang aku inginkan)

 

That is what you need.

(Itu adalah apa yang kamu butuhkan)

 

5.    Noun clause sebagai pemberi keterangan tambahan (noun in apposition)

 Contoh kalimat:

 

The idea that people can live without oxygen is unreasonable.

(Ide/ gagasan bahwa orang dapat hidup tanpa oksigen itu tidak masuk akal)

 

The fact that Adam always comes late doesn’t surprise me.

(Kenyataan bahwa Adam selalu datang terlambat tidak mengejutkan saya)

 

 

Menurut jenis kalimat asalnya, Noun Clause dapat diklasifikasikan menjadi 4 macam, yaitu:

  1. Statement (pernyataan)
  2. Question (pertanyaan)
  3. Request (permintaan)
  4. Exclamation (seruan).

Penjelasan: 

1. Statement
a. Conjunction yang dipakai adalah: “that”
b. Fungsi Klausa ini adalah sebagai:

1) Subjek Kalimat

  • Kangaroo lives in Australia (statement)
  • That Kangaroo lives is Australia is well known to all (Noun Clause)

2) Subjek Kalimat setelah “It”

  • It is well known to all that Kangaroo lives in Australia

3) Objek Pelengkap

  • My conclusion is that Kangaroo lives in Australia

4) Objek Kata Kerja

  • All people understand well that Kangaroo lives in Australia

5) Apositif

  • My conclusion that Kangaroo lives is Australia is correct.

2.      Question
A. Yes/No Question

a. Conjunction yang dipakai adalah: “whether (or not/or if)”

b. Fungsi Klausa ini adalah sebagai:

1) Subjek Kalimat

  • Can she drive the car? (Question)
  • Whether she can drive the car doesn’t concern me. (Noun Clause)
    = Whether or not she can drive the car doesn’t concern me. (Noun Clause)
    = Whether she can drive the car or not doesn’t concern me. (Noun Clause)
    = Whether or if she can drive the car doesn’t concern me. (Noun Clause)

2) Objek Pelengkap

  • My question is whether she can drive the car.

3) Objek Kata Kerja

  • I really wonder whether she can drive the car (or not).

4) Objek Kata Depan

  • We discussed about whether she can drive the car.

B. Wh- Question

a. Conjunction yang dipakai adalah: “kata Tanya itu sendiri”

b. Fungsi Klausa ini adalah sebagai:

1) Subjek Kalimat

  • What is he doing? (Question)
  • What she is doing doesn’t concern me. (Noun Clause)

2) Objek Pelengkap

  • My question is what she is doing.

3) Objek Kata Kerja

  • I really wonder what she is doing.

4) Objek Kata Depan

  • We discussed about what she is doing.

Catatan:

Posisi kembali normal, tidak seperti posisi sebuah pertanyaan normal.

3. Request

a. Conjunction yang dipakai adalah: “that”

b. Fungsi Klausa ini adalah sebagai:

1) Objek Kata Kerja

  • Read the book! (Request)
  • He suggested that I read the book. (Noun Clause)

Catatan:

Tanda seru hilang.

4. Exclamation

a. Conjunction yang dipakai adalah: “kata Tanya yang dipakai pada kalimat itu sendiri”

b. Fungsi Klausa ini adalah sebagai:

1) Objek Kata Kerja

  • What a pretty girl she is? (Exclamation)
  • I never realize what a pretty girl she is. (Noun Clause)

2) Objek Kata Depan

  • We are talking about what a pretty girl she is.

 

SOAL NOUN CLAUSE

1.    The king ordered that the traitor should be put to death.
2.    He said that he would not go.
3.    That he is not interested in the offer is known to us.
4.    He said that he was not feeling well.
5.    I cannot rely on what he says.
6.    I don’t know where he has gone.
7.    He asked whether the servant had polished his shoes.
8.    The news that he is alive has been confirmed.
9.    The belief that the soul is immortal is almost universal.
10.    It is certain that we will have to admit defeat.

Answers

1.    Here the noun clause ‘that the traitor should be put to death’ is that object of the verb ordered.
2.    Here the noun clause ‘that he would not go’ is the object of the verb said.
3.    Here the noun clause ‘that he is not interested in the offer’ is the subject of the verb is.
4.    Here the noun clause ‘that he was not feeling well’ is the object of the verb said.
5.    Here the noun clause ‘what he says’ is the object of the preposition on.
6.    Here the noun clause ‘where he has gone’ is the object of the verb know.
7.    Here the noun clause ‘whether the servant had polished his shoes’ is the object of the verb asked.
8.    Here the noun clause ‘that he is alive’ is in apposition to the noun news.
9.    Here the noun clause ‘that the soul is immortal’ is in apposition to the noun belief.
10.    Here the noun clause ‘that we will have to admit defeat’ is in apposition to the pronoun it.

 

Sumber : http://www.bahasainggris-online.com/2013/04/noun-clause.html

                  http://aqmarinmeiliza.blogspot.com/2012/04/materi-noun-clause.html

                  http://www.englishpractice.com/grammar/noun-clause-exercise/

 

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